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Museum

Treasures

Learn about the art and artifacts available at the Church History Museum.

Heirloom of Faith: Maria Bentley Christian Linford’s Wedding Dress

Museum Treasures

Maria Linford married her husband, John, in this dress in 1833. Twenty-three years later, she buried him on the plains of Wyoming en route to Utah.

Joseph Smith’s Personal Effects from the Nauvoo Legion

Museum Treasures

A blue woolen cloak, brass epaulets, a sword and scabbard, and a pistol stand among the Prophet Joseph Smith’s personal effects as evidence of his position as lieutenant general in the Nauvoo Legion.

Wilford Woodruff’s Clock

Museum Treasures

This beautiful clock was finely crafted by Henry Connor in 1841, and it was purchased by Wilford Woodruff as a gift for his wife Phebe during his first mission to England.

Joseph Smith: Prophet and City Leader

Museum Treasures

The sign that once labeled Joseph Smith’s office in Nauvoo’s Red Brick Store draws attention to his position as prophet, yet it hung in a place where he filled many additional roles. 

David W. Patten’s Rifle, Watch, and Powder Horn

Museum Treasures

Before sunrise on October 25, 1838, David W. Patten donned this watch and carried his rifle and powder horn, intending to rescue three Latter-day Saint hostages from renegade Missouri militiamen.

Brigham Young’s Thimble

Museum Treasures

This particular sewing aid is known as a tailor’s thimble, and it belonged to a skilled carpenter, community builder, and latter-day prophet—a man some now call an American Moses.

Sally Phelps’s Hymnal

Museum Treasures

In July 1830, Joseph Smith received a revelation directed to his wife, Emma, that would bring greater harmony to congregations and homes for generations to come. The Lord called Emma to “make a selection of sacred hymns” (D&C 25:11), thus confirming divine approval of worshipful music in church services and solidifying what would become a longstanding tradition of reverent hymnody among the Latter-day Saints.

Mary Whitmer and Maria Louise Cowdery Samplers

Museum Treasures

Mary Whitmer and Maria Louise Cowdery belonged to families who played vital roles in the Restoration of the gospel from its earliest days.

Samuel Smith: Missionary to Prophets

Museum Treasures

Samuel H. Smith, though not as well known as his older brothers Joseph and Hyrum Smith, played an influential role in the early history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

The Book of Mormon from Manuscript to Press

Museum Treasures

The original manuscript of the Book of Mormon contains few punctuation marks or paragraph breaks. Though the Book of Mormon text has since been updated with corrections, the precious truths it contains have remained unchanged through the centuries.

Joseph Smith’s Heritage

Museum Treasures

Both of Joseph’s grandfathers had experiences and beliefs that influenced the Smith family and prepared Joseph to be the Prophet of the Restoration.

A True Treasure Chest

Museum Treasures

This simple wooden box may not be an impressive sight on its own, but what it held—even briefly—is one of the greatest treasures of our time.

Lucy Mack Smith’s Gold Bead

Museum Treasures

This tiny gold bead is easy to overlook among all the larger pieces in the museum, but it carries a story that gives us important insight into the faith and character of the Prophet Joseph Smith’s parents.

Hyrum Smith: A Man of Mildness and Integrity

Museum Treasures

These artifacts are perhaps the most intimate remembrance of the martyrdom of Hyrum Smith: they are the clothes Hyrum was wearing when he was killed, the watch he carried in his pocket that day, and a pair of sunglasses he owned.

The Articles and Covenants of the Church

Museum Treasures

This document is one of several known handwritten copies of the Articles and Covenants of the Church, which would later become section 20 of the Doctrine and Covenants.

“A Day of God’s Power”

Museum Treasures

This red silk handkerchief is a vivid reminder of both Joseph Smith’s compassion and the power of God to heal the sick. 

The Nauvoo Temple: Built by Faith and Community

Museum Treasures

When the Prophet Joseph Smith proposed that the temple in Nauvoo be built by tithing Church members, the Saints responded with energy.

Sermons of a Palmyra Preacher

Museum Treasures

Joseph Smith likely heard from many preachers in the years preceding the First Vision. Two he may have encountered in his search for the true Church were Reverend Jesse Townsend and Reverend George Lane.

Martin Harris, the Great Benefactor

Museum Treasures

This simple leather wallet belonged to Martin Harris, who is arguably one of the more complicated figures in early Church history.

Mourning the Prophet

Museum Treasures

Thirteen-year-old Mary Ann Broomhead stitched this sampler as a tribute to Joseph and Hyrum Smith shortly after their martyrdom.

“Something Extraordinary”: The Beginnings of the Relief Society

Museum Treasures

This chandelier hung in the upper room of the Red Brick Store, where the Relief Society was organized.

Who Killed Joseph Smith?

Museum Treasures

While we do not know the name of the man who owned this powder horn, we do know the names of several men who helped organize and carry out the plan to kill the Prophet Joseph.

John Taylor’s Miracle

Museum Treasures

This watch was in John Taylor’s vest pocket during the martyrdom at Carthage Jail, and Brother Taylor, who later became President of the Church, believed that it saved his life.

Stephen Markham’s Cane

Museum Treasures

Stephen Markham's hickory “rascal beater” was made famous when it helped defend Joseph Smith from attackers at Carthage Jail.

William Weeks: Architect of the Nauvoo Temple

Museum Treasures

The original Nauvoo Temple was an inspired masterpiece of architecture and craftsmanship. The Prophet Joseph Smith directed the work, but architect William Weeks translated those directions into workable plans.

Newel K. Whitney: A Man of Faith and Service

Museum Treasures

Even the most unremarkable item becomes a treasure when it is connected to someone we care about. What makes this particular lap desk a treasure is that it was owned and used by Newel K. Whitney, an early member of the Church and a friend and support to the Prophet Joseph Smith.

Brigham Young the Carpenter

Museum Treasures

Many who know of Brigham Young know little of his life before he became a prophet. This wood lathe from Brigham Young’s carpentry shop in Mendon, New York, sheds light on a lesser-known chapter in the life of this great man.

Blessings amidst Tragedy

Museum Treasures

This piece of cast-iron machinery is one of the few remaining pieces of the gristmill owned by Jacob Hawn. This mill was the site of what is now known as the Hawn’s Mill massacre.

A Window of Heaven

Museum Treasures

Built by brothers Brigham and Joseph Young, this gothic-arched window originally hung in the main floor assembly room of the Kirtland Temple, a silent witness to the devotion of early Latter-day Saints and the outpouring of spiritual knowledge and manifestations they received.

David Whitmer’s Trunk

Museum Treasures

This hide-covered traveling case belonged to David Whitmer, one of the Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon. Although it is unclear when or where David may have used this case, it is a tangible link to a key figure in early Latter-day Saint history.

Nauvoo: A Temporary Refuge

Museum Treasures

This map of Nauvoo was first printed in 1842 by Gustavus Hills, a recently converted member of the Church, and it illustrates the Saints’ optimistic expectations for their city. Members of the Church thought they had finally found a permanent home in Illinois. This is where they would build Zion.

Lewis A. Ramsey’s Painting of the Angel Moroni

Museum Treasures

Church leaders commissioned this painting from artist Lewis A. Ramsey in 1923 for the centennial of Moroni’s first visit to Joseph Smith. It was perhaps the first depiction of this sacred event in Church history by a trained artist, and for many years it was included in the large-print edition of the Book of Mormon.

The Grandin Press: A Vital Tool of the Restoration

Museum Treasures

This printing press is from the shop of Egbert B. Grandin in Palmyra, New York. Modern for its time, the Smith Patented Improved Press greatly simplified the printing process and allowed the pressman to make an impression with one pull of a lever. It was this very printing press that issued the first copies of the Book of Mormon in 1830.

Nauvoo Temple Sunstones

Museum Treasures

To early Church members, the sun breaking through clouds symbolized the dawning of the Restoration and the coming of gospel light to illuminate a dark earth. It is little wonder, then, that sunstones were featured prominently on the Nauvoo Temple.

Heber C. Kimball’s Tool Chest

Museum Treasures

When we speak of building the kingdom of God today, most of the time we mean it in a figurative sense: we serve in the Church, share the gospel with others, and follow the counsel of the living prophet. Heber C. Kimball did all of these things, but as a blacksmith and potter, he also built the kingdom in a literal sense.

The Nauvoo Temple: Destruction and Rebirth

Museum Treasures

By the time London–trained artist Frederick Piercy traveled through Nauvoo in 1853, the crumbling facade was all that remained of the Nauvoo Temple.

The First Vision Stained Glass

Museum Treasures

Although stained glass is no longer popular in Latter-day Saint meetinghouses, this window is a beautiful reminder of the First Vision, a pivotal moment in history and a cornerstone of Latter-day Saint faith.

Joseph and Hyrum Death Masks

Museum Treasures

June 27, 1844, was a dark day in Nauvoo, Illinois, as Church members received word that their beloved Prophet, Joseph Smith, and his brother Hyrum had been killed at Carthage Jail. Friends guarded their bodies in Carthage until the next day, when they were brought home to Nauvoo.

A Man of Courage and Refinement: Willard Richards’s Grooming Kit

Museum Treasures

This grooming kit, owned by Dr. Willard Richards, shows the refined side of a faithful and courageous man of God. Richards was trained as a doctor of herbal medicine and cultivated an air of respectability and refinement appropriate to his profession. He shaved his face clean until his death in 1854 and regularly had his hair cut, combed, and curled.

Remembering Nauvoo

Museum Treasures

A young English girl named Ann Eckford created this cross-stitch sampler of the Nauvoo Temple sometime between 1846 and 1849, probably as part of her formal education. The sampler represents some of the “growing pains” in Latter-day Saint history, when policy and procedure were still unestablished.

Brigham Young's Travel Case

Museum Treasures

If you were forging a trail across unfamiliar territory in a covered wagon, what would you bring with you? How would you carry it?

Hymns of the Trail

Museum Treasures

In their journals and reminiscences, many Mormon pioneers write of singing while crossing the plains, often ending the day with music. In the 19th century, most hymnals included only the words to the hymns, not the music. Hymns and other songs were sung to familiar tunes and could often be sung to more than one tune.

The Gift of Music

Museum Treasures

When George Wardle played music, people listened. Music was part of his very being. One of his granddaughters recalled, “He would play any and every musical instrument.”

Levi Hancock Journal: “All the Good I Can”

Museum Treasures

In January 1847, the Mormon Battalion staggered into San Diego, California, having just completed a grueling march from Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas.

Mormon Battalion Bullet Pouch

Museum Treasures

Captain Daniel C. Davis of the Mormon Battalion carried this bullet pouch the entire way from Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to California, but he never fired a shot in combat. None of the battalion members did. Although the battalion was formed in a time of war, its legacy is one of peace.

This Leg Walked to Zion

Museum Treasures

Imagine the faith and perseverance needed to pull a handcart more than 1,000 miles across the plains. Now imagine the faith and determination you’d need to pull a handcart while walking on a peg leg. Thomas David Evans had that kind of faith, wearing this leg as he crossed the plains from June 23 to October 2, 1856. 

The Center of the City

Museum Treasures

Have you ever wondered why Salt Lake City addresses sound like math coordinates? It’s because they are. Salt Lake City is laid out in a grid, with a center point at the intersection of a base line (running east-west) and a meridian (running north-south). But how did that center point get decided?

Brigham Young’s Spyglass

Museum Treasures

Brigham Young used this collapsible brass and leather spyglass on the first trip to the Salt Lake Valley in 1847. Members of the company used spyglasses like this to scout the trail, search for game, and watch for danger.

One Tool That Built the West: Orson Pratt’s Odometer

Museum Treasures

When you’re traveling an unfamiliar road in the wilderness, how do you accurately measure the distance between landmarks? How do you record the route to help the people who follow?