- Birth Date
- 5 January 1822
- Death Date
- 9 January 1863
- Age at Departure: 34
- Ham, Ann, Diary of Ann Ham Hickenlooper.
- Perpetual Emigrating Fund, Financial Accounts 1849-1886, Ledger B, p. 268.
- Walters, Archer, Diary 1856 Mar.-Sept., 9-16.
- Watts, Mrs. Hattie to Andrew Smith Sen., President, Handcart Veterans Association, 10 April 1914. Handcart Veterans Association. Handcart Veterans Association Scrapbook, 1906-1914, folder 5.