New Experience

Works Cited

This list of sources serves as a comprehensive guide to all sources cited in chapters 1–8 of Saints, Volume 1. In entries for manuscript sources, dates identify when the manuscript was created, which is not necessarily the time period the manuscript covers. Newspaper entries are listed under the newspaper titles used during the time period covered by this volume. Newspaper entries also provide beginning and ending years for the publication. Volumes of The Joseph Smith Papers are listed under “JSP.” The following abbreviations are used in endnotes and this list of works cited:

BYU: L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah

CHL: Church History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City

FHL: Family History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City


Albany Evening Journal. Albany, NY. 1830–63.

Amboy Journal. Amboy, IL. 1870–1913.

Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Joseph Smith’s New England Heritage: Influences of Grandfathers Solomon Mack and Asael Smith. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book; Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2003.

Arrington, Leonard J. “James Gordon Bennett’s 1831 Report on ‘The Mormonites.’” BYU Studies 10 (Spring 1970): 353–64.

Ashurst-McGee, Mark. “The Josiah Stowell Jr.–John S. Fullmer Correspondence.” BYU Studies 38, no. 3 (1999): 108–17.

Baugh, Alexander. “Joseph Smith’s Athletic Nature.” In Joseph Smith: The Prophet, The Man, edited by Susan Easton Black and Charles D. Tate Jr., 137–50. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1993.

———, ed. Days Never to Be Forgotten: Oliver Cowdery. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2009.

Bennett, Richard E. “‘Read This I Pray Thee’: Martin Harris and the Three Wise Men of the East.” Journal of Mormon History 36 (Winter 2010): 178–216.

A Book of Commandments, for the Government of the Church of Christ, Organized according to Law, on the 6th of April, 1830. Zion [Independence], MO: W. W. Phelps, 1833. Also available in Robin Scott Jensen, Richard E. Turley Jr., and Riley M. Lorimer, eds., Revelations and Translations, Volume 2: Published Revelations. Vol. 2 of the Revelations and Translations series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011), 3–172.

The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon, upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi. Palmyra, NY: E. B. Grandin, 1830.

The Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Jesus Christ. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2013.

Briggs, Edmund C. “A Visit to Nauvoo in 1856.” Journal of History 9, no. 4 (Oct. 1916): 446–62.

Burnett, Peter H. Recollections and Opinions of an Old Pioneer. New York: D. Appleton, 1880.

Bushman, Richard Lyman. “Joseph Smith as Translator.” In Believing History: Latter-day Saint Essays, edited by Reid L. Neilson and Jed Woodworth, 233–47. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

———. Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling. With the assistance of Jed Woodworth. New York: Knopf, 2005.

———. The Refinement of America: Persons, Houses, Cities. New York: Knopf, 1992.

———. “The Visionary World of Joseph Smith.” BYU Studies 37, no. 1 (1997–98): 183–204.

Cannon, Brian Q., and BYU Studies Staff. “Priesthood Restoration Documents.” BYU Studies 35, no. 4 (1995–96): 163–207.

Chamberlin, Solomon. Autobiography, circa 1858. CHL.

Chenango Union. Norwich, NY. 1847–1975.

Chicago Tribune. Chicago. 1847–.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. “Gospel Topics.” http://www.lds.org/topics.

Cook, Lyndon W., ed. David Whitmer Interviews: A Restoration Witness. Orem, UT: Grandin Book, 1991.

Cook, Thomas L. Palmyra and Vicinity. Palmyra, NY: Palmyra Courier-Journal, 1930.

Cowdery, Oliver. Letter to Phineas Young, Mar. 23, 1846. CHL.

Darowski, Kay. “Joseph Smith’s Support at Home: D&C 4, 11, 23.” In Revelations in Context: The Stories Behind the Sections of the Doctrine and Covenants, edited by Matthew McBride and James Goldberg, 10–14. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2016.

Deseret News. Salt Lake City. 1850–.

Dickinson, Ellen E. New Light on Mormonism. New York: Funk and Wagnalls, 1885.

The Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Containing

Revelations Given to Joseph Smith, the Prophet, with Some Additions by His Successors in

the Presidency of the Church. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day

Saints, 2013.

Gilbert, John H. Memorandum, Sept. 8, 1892. Photocopy. CHL.

———. Statement, Oct. 23, 1887. CHL.

The Historical Record, a Monthly Periodical, Devoted Exclusively to Historical, Biographical, Chronological and Statistical Matters. Salt Lake City. 1882–90.

The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments Translated Out of the Original Tongues: And with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised, by His Majesty’s Special Command. Authorized King James Version with Explanatory Notes and Cross References to the Standard Works of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2013.

Hyde, Orson. Ein Ruf aus der Wüste, eine Stimme aus dem Schoose der Erde: Kurzer Ueberblick des Ursprungs und der Lehre der Kirche “Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints” in Amerika, gekannt von Manchen unter der Benennung: “Die Mormonen.” Frankfurt: Im Selbstverlage des Verfassers, 1842. Excerpts also available in German and in English translation on the Joseph Smith Papers website, http://www.josephsmithpapers.org.

Jennings, Erin B. “Charles Anthon: The Man Behind the Letters.” John Whitmer Historical Association Journal 32, no. 2 (Fall/Winter 2012): 171–87.

Jessee, Dean. “Joseph Knight’s Recollection of Early Mormon History.” BYU Studies 17, no. 1 (Autumn 1976): 29–39.

The Joseph Smith Papers. Church History Department, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. http://www.josephsmithpapers.org.

JSP, D1 / MacKay, Michael Hubbard, Gerrit J. Dirkmaat, Grant Underwood, Robert J. Woodford, and William G. Hartley, eds. Documents, Volume 1: July 1828–June 1831. Vol. 1 of the Documents series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, Richard Lyman Bushman, and Matthew J. Grow. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2013.

JSP, H1 / Davidson, Karen Lynn, David J. Whittaker, Richard L. Jensen, and Mark Ashurst-McGee, eds. Histories, Volume 1: Joseph Smith Histories, 1832–1844. Vol. 1 of the Histories series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2012.

JSP, J1 / Jessee, Dean C., Mark Ashurst-McGee, and Richard L. Jensen, eds. Journals, Volume 1: 1832–1839. Vol. 1 of the Journals series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2008.

JSP, J2 / Hedges, Andrew H., Alex D. Smith, and Richard Lloyd Anderson, eds. Journals, Volume 2: December 1841–April 1843. Vol. 2 of the Journals series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011.JSP, MRB / Jensen, Robin Scott, Robert J. Woodford, and Steven C. Harper, eds. Manuscript Revelation Books. Facsimile edition. First volume of the Revelations and Translations series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2009.

JSP, R3, Part 1 / Skousen, Royal, and Robin Scott Jensen, eds. Revelations and Translations, Volume 3, Part 1: Printer’s Manuscript of the Book of Mormon, 1 Nephi 1–Alma 35. Facsimile edition. Part 1 of vol. 3 of the Revelations and Translations series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Ronald K. Esplin and Matthew J. Grow. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2015.

Kansas City Daily Journal. Kansas City, MO. 1878–96.

Klingaman, William K., and Nicholas P. Klingaman. The Year without Summer: 1816 and the Volcano That Darkened the World and Changed History. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2014.

Knight, Joseph, Sr. Reminiscences, no date. CHL.

Kowallis, Bart J. “In the Thirty and Fourth Year: A Geologist’s View of the Great Destruction in 3 Nephi.” BYU Studies 37, no. 3 (1997–98): 136–90.

Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate. Kirtland, OH. 1834–37.

Laws of the State of New-York, Revised and Passed at the Thirty-Sixth Session of the Legislature, with Marginal Notes and References. . . . 2 vols. Albany, NY: H. C. Southwick, 1813.

MacKay, Michael Hubbard. “‘Git Them Translated’: Translating the Characters on the Gold Plates.” In Approaching Antiquity: Joseph Smith and the Ancient World, edited by Lincoln H. Blumell, Matthew J. Grey, and Andrew H. Hedges, 83–116. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2015.

McBride, Matthew. “Contributions of Martin Harris: D&C 3, 5, 10, 17, 19.” In Revelations in Context: The Stories Behind the Sections of the Doctrine and Covenants, edited by Matthew McBride and James Goldberg, 1–9. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2016.

Morning Courier and New-York Enquirer. New York City. 1829–61.

Morris, Larry E. “The Conversion of Oliver Cowdery.” Journal of Book of Mormon Studies 16, no. 1 (2007): 4–17.

———. “Oliver Cowdery’s Vermont Years and the Origins of Mormonism.” BYU Studies 39, no. 1 (2000): 106–29.

Neibaur, Alexander. Journal, 1841–62. CHL.

“The Original Prophet. By a Visitor to Salt Lake City.” Fraser’s Magazine 7, no. 28 (Feb. 1873): 225–35.

Packer, Cameron J. “A Study of the Hill Cumorah: A Significant Latter-day Saint Landmark in Western New York.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 2002.

Palmyra Freeman. Palmyra, NY. 1828–29.

Paul, Hiland, and Robert Parks. History of Wells, Vermont, for This First Century after Its Settlement. Rutland, VT: Tuttle, 1869.

The Pearl of Great Price: A Selection from the Revelations, Translations, and Narrations of Joseph Smith, First Prophet, Seer, and Revelator to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2013.

Pilkington, William. Autobiography and Statements, 1934–39. CHL.

Pittsburgh Weekly Gazette. Pittsburgh. 1841–59.

Porter, Larry C. “The Book of Mormon: Historical Setting for Its Translation and Publication.” In Joseph Smith: The Prophet, The Man, edited by Susan Easton Black and Charles D. Tate Jr., 49–64. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1993.

Pratt, Orson. A[n] Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions, and of the Late Discovery of Ancient American Records. Edinburgh: Ballantyne and Hughes, 1840. Also available in Karen Lynn Davidson, David J. Whittaker, Richard L. Jensen, and Mark Ashurst-McGee, eds., Histories, Volume 1: Joseph Smith Histories, 1832–1844. Vol. 1 of the Histories series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2012), 517–46.

Pratt, Parley P. The Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt, One of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Embracing His Life, Ministry and Travels, with Extracts, in Prose and Verse, from His Miscellaneous Writings. Edited by Parley P. Pratt Jr. New York: Russell Brothers, 1874.

Raffles, Thomas Stamford. “Narrative of the Effects of the Eruption from the Tomboro Mountain in the Island of Sumbawa on the 11th and 12th of April 1815,—Communicated by the President.” In A. H. Hubbard, Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap, der Kunsten en Wetenschappen, 1–25 (eleventh numbering). Batavia, Dutch East Indies: By the author, 1816.

Recollections of the Pioneers of Lee County. Dixon, IL: Inez A. Kennedy, 1893.

“Records of the Session of the Presbyterian Church in Palmyra,” 1828–48. Microfilm 900, no. 59. BYU.

Reflector. Palmyra, NY. 1829–31.

Richards, Levi. Journals, 1840–53. Levi Richards, Papers, 1837–67. CHL.

Rupp, Israel Daniel, ed. He Pasa Ekklesia [The whole church]. An Original History of the Religious Denominations at Present Existing in the United States, Containing Authentic Accounts of Their Rise, Progress, Statistics and Doctrines. Written Expressly for the Work by Eminent Theological Professors, Ministers, and Lay-Members, of the Respective Denominations. Philadelphia: James Y. Humphreys; Harrisburg, PA: Clyde and Williams, 1844.

Saints’ Herald. Independence, MO. 1860–.

Salisbury, Herbert Spencer. “Things the Prophet’s Sister Told Me,” 1945. CHL.

Skousen, Royal. “Another Account of Mary Whitmer’s Viewing of the Golden Plates.” Interpreter: A Journal of Mormon Scripture 10 (2014): 35–44.

Smith, Asael. Letter and Genealogy Record, 1799, circa 1817–46. CHL.

Smith, Joseph, and others. History, 1838–56. Vols. A-1–F-1 (original), A-2–E-2 (fair copy). In Historian’s Office, History of the Church, 1839–circa 1882. CHL. The history for the period after August 5, 1838, was composed after the death of Joseph Smith. Also available on the Joseph Smith Papers website, http://www.josephsmithpapers.org.

Smith, Joseph F. Papers, 1854–1918. CHL.

Smith, Lucy Mack. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many Gen¬erations. Liverpool: S. W. Richards, 1853.

———. History, 1844–45. 18 books. CHL. Also available on the Joseph Smith Papers website, http://www.josephsmithpapers.org.

———. History, 1845. Also available on the Joseph Smith Papers website, http://www.josephsmithpapers.org.

———. Letter to Solomon Mack, Jan. 6, 1831. CHL.

Smith, William. William Smith on Mormonism. . . . Lamoni, IA: Herald Steam Book and Job Office, 1883.

Staker, Mark Lyman. “Isaac and Elizabeth Hale in Their Endless Mountain Home.” Mormon Historical Studies 15, no. 2 (Fall 2014): 1–105.

———. “Where Was the Aaronic Priesthood Restored?: Identifying the Location of John the Baptist’s Appearance, May 15, 1829.” Mormon Historical Studies 12, no. 2 (Fall 2011): 142–59.

———, and Curtis Ashton. “Emma’s Susquehanna: Growing Up in the Isaac and Elizabeth Hale Home.” Priesthood Restoration Site, Church History, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Published August 25, 2015. http://www.history.lds.org.

Statham, J. Indian Recollections. London: Samuel Bagster, 1832.

Stevenson, Edward. Collection, 1849–1922. CHL.

———. Journal, 1852–92. CHL.

Stilwell, Lewis D. Migration from Vermont. Montpelier: Vermont Historical Society, 1948.

Susquehanna Register, and Northern Pennsylvanian. Montrose, PA. 1831–36.

Tiffany’s Monthly. New York City. 1856–59.

Times and Seasons. Commerce/Nauvoo, IL. Nov. 1839–Feb. 1846.

Tucker, Pomeroy. Origin, Rise, and Progress of Mormonism: Biography of Its Founders and History of Its Church. New York: D. Appleton, 1867.

Turley, Richard E., Jr., Robin S. Jensen, and Mark Ashurst-McGee. “Joseph the Seer.” Ensign, Oct. 2015, 48–55.

U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

Wayne Sentinel. Palmyra, NY. 1823–52, 1860–61.

Whitmer, David. An Address to All Believers in Christ. Richmond, MO: By the author, 1887.

Woman’s Exponent. Salt Lake City. 1872–1914.

Wood, Gillen D’Arcy. Tambora: The Eruption That Changed the World. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2014.

Woodruff, Wilford. Journals, 1833–98, in Wilford Woodruff, Journals and Papers, 1828–98. CHL.

Youngreen, Buddy. Reflections of Emma: Joseph Smith’s Wife. Orem, UT: Grandin Book, 1982.

Zion’s Ensign. Independence, MO, 1891–97.