Near Red Buttes, a few miles above present-day Casper, Wyoming, the Latter-day Saints established what was probably the first commercial ferry on the Platte River. With a view toward creating funds which could assist later pioneer companies, Brigham Young had nine men of the vanguard company remain behind and run the operation.
Each year the Church sent men to run the ferry just before the beginning of the emigration season, monopolizing the traffic until the California goldrush began and competing ferries were established. The location of the Mormon ferry varied, and the 1847 site was abandoned for another location in 1849.
The ferry was discontinued by 1853 with the construction of John Richard's toll bridge. In this vicinity during October 1856, the impoverished Willie and Martin handcart companies crossed the Platte in the freezing water, the effects of which hastened the death of many who were already in failing health.
16 June 1847
"President Young thought it wisdom to leave A number of the brethren here & keep a ferry until our Company Came up. Emegrants will pay for ferrying $1.50 cts per waggon" (Wilford Woodruff's Journal, 1833–1898, typescript, ed. Scott G. Kenney, 9 vols. , 3:205–206).
Peter O. Hansen
2 July 1849
"The weather was windy and dusty. We traveled about 21 miles to the ferry [Upper Platte Ferry] and found good feed on the bench and bottoms..."
"We halted for a short time and took shelter under our carts. After the storm had passed we traveled on until we came to the last crossing of the Platte River. . . . The water was deep and very cold and we . . . drifted out of the regular crossing and we came near being drowned, the water coming up to our arm pits..."
Vincent E. Geiger
"The Mormons have established a blacksmith shop here also at which they are making lots of money. So that with the ferry and shop they have as good a gold mine as any in California" (Dale L. Morgan, "The Ferries of the Forty-Niners," Annals of Wyoming, April 1959, 23).
"The crossing of the North Platte was fraught with more fatalities than any other incident of the entire journey. . . . More than a score or two of the young female members waded the stream that in places was waist deep. Blocks of mushy snow and ice had to be dodged. The result of wading of this stream by the female members was immediately followed by partial and temporary dementia from which several did not recover until the next spring" (Josiah Rogerson, as quoted in LeRoy R. Hafen and Ann W. Hafen, Handcarts to Zion , 109).
Elizabeth Horrocks Jackson Kingsford
19 October 1856
"Some of the men carried some of the women on their back or in their arms, but others of the women tied up their skirts and waded through, like the heroines that they were, and as they had gone through many other rivers and creeks. My husband (Aaron Jackson) attempted to ford the stream. He had only gone a short distance when he reached a sandbar in the river, on which he sank down through weakness and exhaustion." Read More