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black; with Robert M. Smith. "Biddy" is a nickname for "Bridget," her real name. According to some secondary sources, she "selected" the surname "Mason" only after she became a free woman at Los Angeles, California (1856). Here she became a noted nurse, midwife, entrepreneur and civic minded personality. She is the mother of Ellen (b. 15 Oct. 1838), Ann (b. 1844) and Harriet (b. ca 1848).



  • "Bridget Biddy Mason," in Trailblazers: Twenty Amazing Western Women by Karen Surins Mulford, 28.
  • Source Location
  • Church History Library, Salt Lake City
  • African American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, Dorothy C. Salem, ed., New York: Garland Publishing, 1993, 351.
  • Source Location
  • Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
  • Williams, Jean Kinney, Bridget "Biddy" Mason: from slave to businesswoman, Minneapolis, MN: Compass Point Books, 2006.
  • Source Location
  • Internet Web Site